Facts about Teen Dating Violence in Latin@ Youth
Thursday, February 8th, 2018
Teen dating violence (TDV) is recognized as major public health concern that impacts adolescents from all ethnic and racial backgrounds in the United States (CDC, 2016). However, less is known about the experience of TDV for Latin@ youth.
This factsheet summarizes the past 10 years of research literature to understand and identify current trends in the academic research on TDV for Latin@ youth. We restricted our review to Latin@ adolescents in the United States, including male and female youth between the ages of 13-17 years old and middle or high school students.
PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR TEEN DATING VIOLENCE (TDV)
Family and parents’ role in reducing risk for youth
The more care Latin@ youth perceive from their parents, the less likely they are to experience sexual or physical assault in their lifetime.
Latin@ youth are less likely to be psychologically victimized if they come from a home with strong family cohesion.
For Latin@ youth, the stronger communicative practices they have with their parents, the less likely they are to experience all forms of victimization and perpetration of violence.
Latin@ youth are less likely to experience TDV when they come from homes with higher levels of parental monitoring and family connectedness.
Latino cultural orientation
Stronger ties to traditional Latino cultural values and orientation relates to lower risk of perpetuating violence in emerging adulthood.
Latinas from English-dominant homes were more at risk of experiencing physical TDV compared to Latinas from Spanish-dominant homes. This comparison did not apply to males.
Latinas from Spanish-dominant homes had half the risk of experiencing TDV compared to Latinas from English-dominant homes. Bilingual or neutral language use at home had no significant relationship to these risks.
Latin@ youth with good coping skills and higher self-esteem were less likely to experience TDV.
PROTECTIVE FACTORS FOR SEXUAL TEEN DATING VIOLENCE
For Latinas, higher levels of communication with their fathers was significantly related to a lower risk of experiencing sexual TDV.